Keragaman Genetik Gandum (Triticum aestivum L) Hasil Persilangan Konvergen . Amin Nur, Karlina Syahruddin, Marcia B. Pabendon. Induksi Kalus dan Regenerasi Beberapa Genotipe Gandum (Triticum aestivum L. ) secara In Vitro. INDUKSI MUTASI DAN SELEKSI IN VITRO TANAMAN GANDUM (Triticum aestivum L.).

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Wheat genetics is more complicated than that of most other domesticated species. In manufacturing wheat products, gluten is valuable to impart viscoelastic functional qualities in dough[54] enabling the preparation of diverse processed foods such as breads, noodles, and pasta that facilitate wheat consumption.

Winter, P, and G, Kahl. User Username Password Remember me.

Australian Journal of Plant Physiology. Higher concentration of EMS and longer soaking time decreased the percentage of callus growth.

Wheat – Wikipedia

Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 6 July More widely over the last 40 years, a massive increase in fertilizer use together with the increased availability of semi-dwarf varieties in developing countries, has greatly increased yields per hectare. In domesticated wheat, grains are larger, and the seeds inside the spikelets remain attached to the ear by a toughened rachis during harvesting.

There are many wheat diseases, mainly caused by fungibacteriaand viruses. These varieties can improve crop productivity in rain-fed dry-land wheat farms.

Molecular marker technologies for plant improvement. In wild strains, a more fragile rachis allows the ear to easily shatter and disperse the spikelets. Yields of triticu, wheat per unit area increased as methods of crop rotation were applied to long cultivated land, and the use of fertilizers became widespread.


Abstract Wheat is a subtropical crop with a limited genetic resources in indonesia since it belong to tropical country. Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 5 December Some wheat species are diploidwith two sets of chromosomesbut many are stable polyploidswith four sets of chromosomes tetraploid or six hexaploid. Semakin tinggi konsentrasi EMS dan semakin lama waktu perendaman yang digunakan maka semakin menurun persentase pertumbuhan kalus.

United States Department of Agriculture: Genetic diversity, population structure, and linkage disequilibrium in US elite winter wheat.

Monounsaturated fatty acids g. Keywords Genetic diversity; convergent breeding; simple sequence repeat. Language Select Language English Indonesian.

Aust J Crop Sci 7: Basic physiological investigation of these gas exchange processes has yielded valuable carbon isotope based methods that are used for breeding wheat varieties with improved water-use efficiency.

Although landraces of wheat are no longer grown in Europe and Ganeum America, they continue to be important elsewhere.

The challenge of feeding 9 billion people”. Wild grasses in the genus Triticum and related genera, and grasses such as rye have been a source of many disease-resistance traits for cultivated wheat breeding since the s.

Perbaikan genetik gandum tropis toleran suhu tinggi dan permasalahan pengembangannya pada daerah dataran rendah. While, plant regeneration medium was prepared using MS basal medium supplemented with combination of three growth regulators i.


LC 50 for Dewata was 0.

Archived from the original on 3 March Unsourced material may be gadnum and removed. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk merakit tanaman gandum yang toleran pada dataran rendah. This sequence data provides direct access to about 96, genes, relying on orthologous gene sets from other cereals. Atmitri Sisharmini, Aniversari Apriana, and Sustiprijatno.

The most common forms of wheat are white and red wheat.


Archived from the original on 6 September The similarity coefficient at 0. African J Biotech 8: Optimal crop management requires that the farmer have a detailed understanding of each stage of development in the growing plants. A microsatellite map of wheat. B raw unenriched long-grain white rice.

Perhaps the simplest of fruits are those of grasses all cereals such as corn and wheat A Food Labeling Guide F raw green soybeans. Andriani, A, Reflinur and M. Retrieved 1 June World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4 5: D raw potato with flesh and skin.

On 29 Novemberan essentially complete gene set of bread wheat was published. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: